ASEQ-EHAQ

L'Association pour la santé environnementale du Québec / Environmental Health Association of Québec

Statistics

Canadian Statistics

Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS)

Multiple Chemical Sensitivities (MCS), population 12 years and more, Québec

Multiple Chemical Sensitivities (MCS)Number, 2016% 2016Number, 2015% 2015
Québec230,5003.2173,5002.5
Canada1,008,4003.3940,5003.1
Source: Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada

Over a million Canadians being diagnosed with MCS represents a large, unnecessary and avoidable tragedy, as well as a drain on society and the economy.

Frequency of Associated Diagnosis with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS)

2005 National Survey of the Work and Health of Nurses 3.6% of all Canadian nurses experienced chemical sensitivities

Burden to society

  • Significant differences were found in the capacity to function and health care usage between people in the general population with and without a diagnosis of MCS.
  • Percentage of people with an MCS diagnosis who needed help with housework, preparing meals, errands, appointments : 22%
  • Medical Interventions – People with MCS who:
    • Visited the family doctor more than 10 times : 17%
    • Visited specialists : 43%
    • Visited alternative practitioners in the previous year : 33%

Social and Economic Impact in Québec

The following information was extracted from the Statistics Canada datafile for the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey.

An estimated 171,000 Quebecers have been diagnosed with MCS. Just over half were between the ages of 40 and 64, a quarter were younger than 40, and the remainder were 65 years old or older. 71% were female, and 29% were male.

In 2010, the number of diagnosed cases of MCS in Québec were 179,000. In Canada, there was a 34% increase between 2005 and 2010.

Quebecers with MCS showed a higher than normal degree of activity limitation:

% of group reportingQuebecers with MCSQuebecers in General
Need help – preparing meals6%2%
Need help – getting to appointments and runnning errands12%4%
Need help – doing housework13%4%
Need help – heavy household chores (spring cleaning, yard work)26%10%
Need help – personal care3%1%
Need help – moving about inside the house3%1%

Quebecers with MCS also experienced socio-economic disadvantage:

% of group reportingQuebecers with MCSQuebecers in General
Permanently unable to work (ages 15-74)5%2%
Annual personal income less than
$15,000 (ages 15+)
34%30%
Food insecure6%5%
Very weak sense of belonging to local community13%13%

There are gaps in service to Quebecers with MCS:

% of group reportingQuebecers with MCSQuebecers in General
Unmet health care needs over the previous 12 months24%12%
Unmet health care needs over the previous 12 months (ages 18+)6%2%

The Environmental Health Association of Québec has informed the Government of Québec that urgent help is required for recognition, support services and adequate health care for people suffering from MCS.

The above data, provided by the Government of Canada, proves us to be right.

MCS is a medical condition which has been recognized by the Canadian Human Rights Commission as a disability. This medical condition has a significant impact on the lives of MCS sufferers. Most people suffering from MCS fall through the cracks and do not have any support systems that they can depend on.

The Environmental Health Association of Quebec is a non-profit, registered charity working to support people suffering from MCS and to educate on ecological solutions for everyday living.

MCS frequently occurs with myalgic encephalomyelitis / chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) and fibromyalgia (FM)

  • In 2005, 5% of Canadians (1.2 million people) have been diagnosed with at least one of these disorders.
  • Of the 5% of Canadians diagnosed 2.4% reported MCS, 1.5% FM and 1.3% CFS.
  • Among these individuals, at least 14% had two of the three conditions.
  • Overall incidence rose with age from 1.6% at ages 12 to 24 to 6.9% at ages 45 to 64

Canadian community health survey 2005