What are Environmental Sensitivities (ES)
Environmental sensitivities (ES) encompass all sensitivities including multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) and electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS), and is caused by one large exposure or several smaller exposures over time to substances or agents commonly found in our environment including the workplace. These may be chemicals (pesticides, fragranced products, cleaning or personal products, petrochemicals, etc.), biological (mould), electromagnetic (wireless radiation for communications, fields from electrical services and appliances), etc. Exposure to these substances or agents can sensitize the person, who then reacts to very low doses, with symptoms in multiple physiological systems in several organ systems. Continued or even new exposures to triggers can lead to more intense and new symptoms. These exposures appear to be tolerated by the general population.
Multiple Chemical Sensitivities, population 12 years and more, Québec
|Multiple Chemical Sensitivities (MCS)||Number, 2016||%, 2016||Number, 2015||%, 2015|
|Québec||230 500||3,2||173 500||2,5|
Examples of triggers / exposures (Non exhaustive list)
|Chemical agents||Flame retardants, rubber, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), diesel, ink and printed material, petrol or natural gas, smoke (tobacco, wood, etc.), vehicle exhaust, fresh tar or asphalt, interiors of new cars, dry cleaning fluid, building and renovation materials (e.g. caulking, grout, shellac, paint, sealants, varnish, etc.), markers, new furniture and furnishings, new carpets, pesticides, petrochemicals, insecticide spray, shower curtains, chemicals and VOCs released by new products, nail polish and solvents, soft vinyl, etc.|
|Electromagnetic fields, smart meters, electrical lines and devices, fluorescent lights, mobile phones, tablets and computers, cellular towers, Wi-Fi, etc.|
|Glues and solvents, exposures to volatile organic compounds (VOCs), exposures to gases and fumes (firefighters), gases and fumes from welding, exhaust gases, Isocyanates, paints and paint thinners, pesticides, dust from wood, flour, metal, etc., chemicals used in the manufacture of plastics, adhesives, etc.|
|Scented products||Air fresheners and incense, fabric softeners, sunscreen, detergents and soaps, new plastic, cleaning products (e.g. disinfectants, bleach, floor cleaners, furniture cleaners, etc.), personal care products (e.g. : deodorants, hair spray, body lotions, aftershave lotions, makeup, etc.), baby care products, perfumed products (colognes, essential oils, perfumes, devices emitting all kinds of perfumes, potpourris), etc.|
|Other||Foods, supplements, medications, food flavourings, colours, preservatives, etc., sound, vibration, light, temperature, wood terpenes, etc.|
This is not an exhaustive list of exposures in the workplace. Sensitivities caused by a substance
can lead to reactions to other chemicals, including unrelated personal and household cleaning
products, smoke, food, etc.
Symptoms (Non-exhaustive list)
|Central Nervous &|
|Sense of smell heightened, neurological pain (skin burning most often), migraines, intense headaches, dizziness, vertigo, confusion, feeling dull, weak or foggy, lack of coordination and / or balance, tinnitus, cognitive problems (brain fog), poor concentration, difficulty remembering, memory loss, hyperactivity, restlessness, anxiety, tension, depression, insomnia, sleep problems, night sweats, fatigue, exhaustion|
|Respiratory & Immune||Distress and / or difficulty breathing, coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, asthma, chest pain, frequent bronchitis or pneumonia, congestion, itching or runny nose, allergic rhinitis, sinus infections and / or pain, sore throat, swollen glands, flu-like symptoms|
|Eyes||Red, painful, watery eyes, disturbed vision|
|Gastrointestinal||Excessive drooling, bleeding gums, heartburn, abdominal or stomach pain, nausea, bloating, constipation, diarrhea|
|Endocrine||Fatigue, lethargy, fluctuating blood sugar, hormonal disturbances or imbalances|
|Musculo skeletal||Muscle spasms and / or pain, joint pain and / or swelling, backache, burning sensation in the muscles, extreme pain in the face, jaws and mouth, weakness, allodynia, inflammation|
|Cardiovascular||Palpitations, rapid and / or irregular heartbeat, hypertension or hypotension, cold extremities|
|Skin||Eczema, rashes, itching, hives, redness, rash, redness, cuts or lesions|
|Genitourinary||Frequency and urgency to urinate, incontinence, spasms in the bladder|
Multiple Chemical Sensitivities (MCS)
Initiation and subsequent sensitization observed in cases of environmental sensitivities:
- Symptoms are reproducible following repeated chemical exposure;
- The condition is chronic;
- Lower exposure levels than those previously tolerated, or tolerated by the general population, lead to the manifestation of symptoms;
- Symptoms improve or disappear when the incitants are removed;
- Responses occur to multiple chemically unrelated substances;
- Symptoms involve multiple organ systems;
- Still not refuted in the literature published almost two decades later
- Definition used both in clinical practice and in research
- Recently (2018) confirmed by the MOHLTC of Ontario by a group of experts using the Delphi process
Bartha, L., et al., Multiple chemical sensitivity: a 1999 consensus. Archives of Environmental Health: An International Journal, 1999. 54(3): p. 147-149.
McKeown-Eyssen, G.E., et al., Multiple chemical sensitivity: discriminant validity of case definitions. Archives of Environmental Health: An International Journal, 2001. 56(5): p. 406-412.
Nethercott, J.R., et al., Multiple chemical sensitivities syndrome: toward a working case definition. Archives of Environmental Health: An International Journal, 1993. 48(1): p. 19-26.
Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Guiding Principles for the Diagnosis of Environmental Sensitivities/Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. Centre for Effective Practice, 2018.
Ottawa Environmental Health Clinic: https://www.oehc.ca/treatments/treatments.html
The basic principle of treatment is the avoidance of triggers, so as to create an environment where the body can heal:
- Recognize the current or potential triggers, by taking the exposure history of the person: community, housing, hobby (leisure), occupation, personal, diet, drugs (drugs) (CH2OPD2);
- Consider current or potential exposures as well as stresses that may contribute to the condition, reducing or eliminating them as much as possible;
- Identify the toxic load of the body, such as heavy metals or chlorine compounds, using appropriate tests, and intervene in a targeted manner to reduce this overload.
- Make up for nutritional deficiencies such as vitamins and minerals, which make it more difficult for the person to metabolize the triggering agents;
- Opt for organic food;
- Minimize exposure to radiation from wireless communication technologies (radio frequency radiation).
Support for people who suffer from environmental sensitivities
A diagnosis is necessary as the first means of support.
- Ask the person to keep a record (log) of exposures and symptoms to identify sources of exposure and monitor progress:
- Checklist of strategies for better health management https://hypersensibiliteenvironnementale.com/old/images/pdfs/en/8-checklist.pdf
- Tips to best manage the illness (SEEDS) https://hypersensibiliteenvironnementale.com/old/images/pdfs/en/7-SEEDS_of_health.pdf
Environmental health in hospitals – A practical guide for hospital employees:
Maintain employment and / or avoid isolation, stigma and exclusion:
Letters of support for accommodation in the workplace (e.g. fragrance-free environment, ecological renovations, cable Internet connection rather than Wi-Fi, good ventilation, avoidance of triggers (for example, avoid isocyanates by substitution), etc.).
To help the person manage their sensitivities as well as possible and keep their job, a letter explaining their needs is useful.
Tips for obtaining accommodation without a lawyer
For more information on personal accommodation, please visit:
- Centre canadien d’hygiène et de sécurité au travail https://www.cchst.ca/oshanswers/hsprograms/scent_free.html
- Family education and support, so that the person is accommodated: www.EnvironmentalSensitivities.com
In order to implement a fragrance-free policy in your health-care establishment:
- The case for making health-care in Québec fragrance-free www.aseq-ehaq.ca/fragrance
- Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety https://www.cchst.ca/oshanswers/hsprograms/scent_free.html
- Scent-Free Buildings https://iaqforum.ca/iaqcanada/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/CCIAQB-Module-6-Eng.pdf
List of products generally tolerated
(Using less toxic products is a way to prevent environmental sensitivities)
How to choose healthy products – for persons who suffer from environmental sensitivities and for their entourage
Ecological solutions for everyday living
Information on EHS (Electro hypersensitivity
Products to avoid:
- Technologies emitting electromagnetic fields (EMF), in particular wireless / Wi-Fi networks (or at least deactivating them);
- Cellular phones and other wireless devices (or, at least, turn on airplane mode);
- Internet of Things wireless control systems.
Practices to adopt:
- Distance from cell phone towers and other transmitting devices such as smart meters;
- Use only wired and not wireless / Wi-Fi connections.
Information on mould
- Québec https://www.quebec.ca/en/health/health-issues/a-z/health-problems-caused-by-mould/
- Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety https://www.ccohs.ca/topics/hazards/health/mould/
- Management Strategies for Moulds and Microbiologic Agents https://iaqresource.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/CCIAQB-Module-10-Eng.pdf